About ChatLab

We explore beauty, language, cognition, and the brain using converging evidence from behavioral, neuroimaging, and lesion studies. We investigate a wide range of cognitive processes, including those underlying aesthetic experiences, the use of figurative and spatial language, and event representation. We're also interested in ethical questions raised by neuroscientific progress.

Our lab is affiliated with both the Penn Center for Neuroaesthetics (PCfN) and the Center for Cognitive Neuroscience (CCN).

ChatLab people

ChatLab group photo (February, 2019)

Photo of ChatLab (February, 2019)


Anjan Chatterjee

Anjan Chatterjee

Professor of Neurology, Psychology, and Architecture

Anjan Chatterjee is the Frank A. and Gwladys H. Elliott Professor and Chair of Neurology at Pennsylvania Hospital and the founding director of the Penn Center for Neuroaesthetics. He is a member of the Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, and the Center for Neuroscience and Society at the University of Pennsylvania. He received his BA in Philosophy from Haverford College, MD from the University of Pennsylvania and completed his neurology residency at the University of Chicago.

His clinical practice focuses on patients with cognitive disorders. His research addresses questions about spatial cognition and language, attention, neuroethics, and neuroaesthetics. He wrote The Aesthetic Brain: How we evolved to desire beauty and enjoy art and co-edited: Neuroethics in Practice: Mind, medicine, and society, and The Roots of Cognitive Neuroscience: behavioral neurology and neuropsychology.

He is or has been on the editorial boards of: American Journal of Bioethics: Neuroscience, Behavioural Neurology, Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology, Neuropsychology, Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, European Neurology, Empirical Studies of the Arts, The Open Ethics Journal and Policy Studies in Ethics, Law and Technology. He was awarded the Norman Geschwind Prize in Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology by the American Academy of Neurology and the Rudolph Arnheim Prize for contributions to Psychology and the Arts by the American Psychological Association. He is a founding member of the Board of Governors of the Neuroethics Society, the past President of the International Association of Empirical Aesthetics, and the past President of the Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology Society. He has served on the boards of the Norris Square Neighborhood Project and the Associated services for the Blind and Visually Impaired. He currently serves on the Boards of The College of Physicians of Philadelphia and Haverford College.

Anjan Chatterjee is author of the book, The Aesthetic Brain.


Emily Urban

Emily Urban

Lab Manager

I received a BA from the University of Pennsylvania, where I studied Fine Arts and Visual Studies with a concentration in the “Science and Philosophy of Seeing.” I am interested in how visual perception can affect our comprehension of the world and of art. Besides acting as Lab Manager for ChatLab, I’m currently researching how we perceive human bodies. In my free time, I continue to build my artistic practice and freelance.

Postdoctoral researchers

Alex Christensen

Alex Christensen

Postdoctoral Researcher

My research roots can be traced back to personality: How are people different? And what sorts of outcomes extend from these differences? Specifically, I am interested in what makes people more (or less) open to various experiences. My Ph.D. work at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro sought to clarify the types of experiences people are open to, the cognitive and neurological differences of “open” people, and the behavioral consequences of being “open” (e.g., creative, curious, humorous). At Penn, I look forward to exploring how people differ in their cognitive and affective responses to aesthetics, and how these differences affect their subsequent aesthetic experiences.

Erin Conrad

Erin Conrad

Neurology Resident

I am interested in ethical decision making and finding out what factors influence our understanding of ethical questions. I completed an M.A. in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics of Health at University College London, where I studied the ethics of research on large groups as well as the ethics of conscientious objection in medicine. I then completed my M.D. at University of Michigan. I am now a neurology resident at Penn.

Franziska Hartung

Franziska Hartung

Postdoctoral Researcher

Franziska received her PhD degree in cognitive neuroscience from the Max-Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics and the Radboud University (Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition, and Behaviour) in the Netherlands. Her research projects centered around the question of how context shapes meaning and experience and its underlying neural mechanisms. She is working on various aspects of story comprehension, event processing, aesthetic and affective responses to literary texts and as of recent human faces which includes exploratory work on person perception and stigma.

Stacey Humphries

Stacey Humphries

Postdoctoral Researcher

I am interested in when and how sensorimotor representations shape language, conceptual processing, reasoning, and aesthetic judgment. To do this work, I use a variety of methods, including functional neuroimaging, studies of neurological patients (Parkinson’s disease patients, and stroke patients with focal lesions), and cognitive and behavioural testing. During my Ph.D. at the University of Manchester, UK, I explored how impaired action representations affect the way patients with Parkinson’s disease gesture about action concepts in conversation. At Penn, I am examining how neurodegenerative patients comprehend literal and metaphorical language, how stroke patients understand analogies, and how patients and young adults view different types of abstract artwork.

Yoed Kenett

Yoed Kenett

Postdoctoral Researcher

I have a Ph.D. (2015) in neuroscience from Bar-Ilan University, Israel. Currently I am a postdoctoral fellow at the Department of Psychology at the University of Pennsylvania, working at the labs of Dr. Sharon Thompson-Schill and Dr. Anjan Chatterjee. My research computationally and empirically investigates the structure of semantic memory (our memory of knowledge and facts) and how it constrains cognitive processes operating over it, in typical and clinical populations. I then apply neurocognitive empirical methods to study these quantitative findings. Here at Penn, I am gaining experience in neuroimaging research, applying network neuroscience methods to study creativity. In parallel, I am exploring further cognitive domains, such as conceptual combinations and aesthetic perception. A few of my current projects address topics on the conceptual representation of beauty and well-being, aesthetic emotions, dynamics of semantic memory, and the neural dynamics of generating and evaluating creative ideas.

Nate Klooster

Nate Klooster

Postdoctoral Researcher

I am interested in the neuroscience of memory and language broadly. At Penn, I study semantic memory and figurative language. Examining neurological patients allows me to establish the necessity of brain regions in their support of cognition. My work identifying experimental measures sensitive to the earliest cognitive changes in neurodegenerative disease aims to impact early diagnoses and the evaluation of potential treatments. I earned my Ph.D. at the University of Iowa where I studied semantic richness in patients with bilateral hippocampal damage and profound amnesia. Outside of lab, I like spending time with my wife Dana, our daughter Izzy, and our dog Boogie.

Adam Weinberger

Adam Weinberger

Postdoctoral Researcher

I received my PhD in psychology from Georgetown University in 2020. I am broadly interested in human learning, and how implicit processes shape our more explicit knowledge and beliefs, including belief in God. I also have ongoing research examining creativity. My work involves a variety of behavioral and neural methods, with a particular focus on neural representations and brain network organization. Outside of the lab, I enjoy listening to music, making cocktails, and playing online chess.

Cliff Workman

Cliff Workman

Postdoctoral Researcher

When we judge people for their moral or prosocial behaviors, do our perceptions of their beauty influence our evaluations? I am interested in understanding how morality and beauty interact to modulate decision-making. Prior to joining the ChatLab, I was a postdoctoral scholar in the Social Cognitive Neuroscience Lab at the University of Chicago under the supervision of Jean Decety. Our work investigates the psycholigical and neural mechansisms underpinning political polarization and support for ideologically-motivated violence. I received my Ph.D. from the University of Manchester in England in 2016 where I investigated relations between moral cognition and emotions and the physiopathology of major depression. Before starting my PhD, I worked at Johns Hopkins University on neuroimaging studies of psychiatric disorders, and also completed a B.S. in Psychology at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County, where I worked on studies of clinical, cognitive, and social functioning.

Student researchers

Nadir Bilici

Nadir Bilici

Medical Student

After studying neurobiology at UC Berkeley, I worked as a product manager developing health & fitness apps in Palo Alto. I am now a fourth year medical student at Perelman School of Medicine and am interested in the intersection of technology and medicine. In the ChatLab, I am researching how implicit biases are shaped by our perception of facial features. Beyond the lab and clinic, I develop mobile apps, teach culinary medicine, and get outside as much as possible to hike, camp, ski, and play frisbee.

Dexian He

Dexian He

Graduate Student

I am interested in the role of experience in forming individual face preferences. In ChatLab, my project focuses on how viewer age and subject age interact to affect the perception of facial attractiveness. I am a second-year doctoral student at the School of Psychology, South China Normal University. I received my master’s degree from SCNU in 2018 where I investigated the relation between obesity and cognitive control, and how it can be modulated by aesthetics of food. Beyond research, I enjoy reading, jogging, and traveling.

Mayank Patel

Mayank Patel

Medical Student

I am a first year medical student at Drexel University College of Medicine. I received my Bachelor’s in biomedical engineering but have always had an interest in neuroscience leading me to work at Avid Radiopharmaceuticals during my undergrad where I spent time learning about the brain and Alzheimer’s detection through the use of PET scans. My interest in ChatLab arose from wanting the answers to how we judge people and my current research is looking into how people perceive facial expressions, using functional near-infrared spectrometry. Outside of school and research, I love biking, gardening, cooking, and listening to podcasts.

Charlie Siegel

Charlie Siegel

Undergraduate Student

I am a Senior at Haverford college, pursuing a B.A in Psychology along with a minor in Neuroscience. My past experiences stem from an interest in medicine and healthcare. Previously, at the Johns Hopkins Hospital, I worked as a research assistant in the Neurosciences Critical Care Unit, where I explored the challenges of extubating patients with acute neurological injury who are often intubated for airway protection. My curiosity in how clinical neuroscience interfaces cognitive science has informed my work here at ChatLab, where I am studying the relationship between neuroaesthetics and cognitive enhancement as part of my Senior Thesis. More specifically, I am interested in how incidental social information can impact our moral attitudes about cognitive enhancement. After completing my undergraduate degree, I will be attending Sidney Kimmel Medical School at Jefferson University, where I will also be exploring my research interests in health policy as part of the curriculum’s population health critical inquiry track.

Will Sturgeon

Will Sturgeon

Undergraduate Student

As an undergrad at Penn, I’m studying architecture and computer science to bridge art and technology toward creating cutting-edge architecture that serves humanity. I’m fascinated by ways that machine learning can potentially capture aesthetic styles and preferences, or even generate new art, and what that means for humanity. Outside ChatLab, I develop computer vision for soccer-playing robots (UPennalizers), design the webpage for a magazine on art and tech (t-art), and various other odd jobs around campus. Just for fun, I love swing dancing, sketching, watching great movies, and reading anything and everything I can find!

Yuchao Wang

Yuchao Wang

Undergraduate Student

Yuchao Wang is pursuing his B.A. in cognitive science at Haverford College. He currently conducts thesis research in ChatLab on how the brain responds to literariness in stories. Before this exciting journey in neuroaesthetics, he has researched on the biophysics of peacock feathers as perceived through avian and mammalian vision, which has evolutionary implications. In his free time, he enjoys Bach on Youtube and puppies on Instagram.

Zack Zapatero

Zack Zapatero

Medical Student

Zack Zapatero is a 4th year medical student at The Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. During his time at Penn, his passion for academic plastic surgery has flourished and has led him to take a year off of medical school to be a plastic surgery clinical research fellow at The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. In an exciting collaboration between the ChatLab and CHOP plastic surgery, Zack is exploring how eye-tracking can be used to identify hot spot regions of the face to guide craniofacial surgeries to maximize patient aesthetic outcomes.


Postdoctoral researchers

Iftah Biran
Madhushree Chakrabarty
Evan Chen
Tilbe Göksun
Gregor Hayn-Leichsenring
Anja Jamrozik
Alexander Kranjec
Marguerite McQuire
Lorna Quandt
Raffaella Ricci
Gwenda Schmidt
Janice Snyder
Sara Waller
Christine Watson
Steve Weisberg
Adam Woods
Denise Wu

Visiting researchers

Eliza Alawi
Bree Chancellor
Alex Coburn
Roberta Daini
Vicente Estrada-Gonzalez
Annika Hillebrandt
Ting Fung Ho
Juliane Mühlhaus
Alessandro Piedimonte
Diana Rosa-Leyra
Miriam Rosen
Sailee Shikhare
Guo Yuyue

Medical students

Lauren McCollum
Sashank Prasad

Graduate students

Prin Amorapanth
Lindsey Bupp
Claire Dinh
Joe Kable
Sandeep Vaishnavi
Elaine Wencil

Postbaccalaureate students

Daniel Badgio

Undergraduate & high school students

Melissa Beswick
Mary Dumler
Georgia Gerike
Carla Goncalves
Adam Greenberg
Gürer Gündöndü
Geena Ianni
Adrianna Kashuba
Jonathan Kopelovich
Kate Lauber
Devi Majeske
Katsiaryna Malykhina
Sonali Mehta
Antonio Nicosia
Elizabeth Olson
Michelle Oraa Ali
Kelly Porter
Fiona Shaw
Billy Smith
Alex Yu
Ben van Buren

Lab managers

Angela Armstrong
Bianca Bromberger
Jesse Calhoun
Matt Lehet
Joe Ptacek
Emily Rogers
Feyza Sancar
Kenneth Thompson
Page Widick
Ashley Wilson
Jonathan Yu

Patient coordinators

Eileen Cardillo
Marianna Stark

ChatLab research & publications


Neuroaesthetics refers to the role of the brain in evaluating visual stimuli and their aesthetic appeal. Our research ranges from aesthetic choices of brain-injured individuals to aesthetic preferences in everyday life (in architecture, art, and facial beauty).

Humphries, S., Rick, J., Weintraub, D., & Chatterjee, A. (2021). Movement in aesthetic experiences: What we can learn from Parkinson's disease. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1162/jocn_a_01718

Workman, C. I., Humphries, S., Hartung, F., Aguirre, G. K., Kable, J. W., & Chatterjee, A. (2021). Morality is in the eye of the beholder: The neurocognitive basis of the "anomalous‐is‐bad" stereotype. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/nyas.14575

Zhao, X., Wang, J., Li, J., Luo, G., Li, T., Chatterjee, A., Zhang, W., & He, X. (2020). The neural mechanism of aesthetic judgments of dynamic landscapes: An fMRI study. Scientific Reports, 10, 20774. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-77658-y

Hayn-Leichsenring, G. U., Kenett, Y. N., Schulz, K., & Chatterjee, A. (2020). Abstract art paintings, global image properties, and verbal descriptions: An empirical and computational investigation. Acta Psychologica, 202, 102936. doi: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.102936

Faust, N. T., Chatterjee, A., & Christopoulos, G. I. (2019). Beauty in the eyes and the hand of the beholder: Eye and hand movements' differential responses to facial attractiveness. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 85, 103884. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2019.103884

Hartung, F., Jamrozik, A., Rosen, M. E., Aguirre, G., Sarwer, D. B., & Chatterjee, A. (2019). Behavioural and neural responses to facial disfigurement. Scientific Reports, 9, 8021. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-44408-8

Nadal, M., & Chatterjee, A. (2019). Neuroaesthetics and art's diversity and universality. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science, 10(3), 1487. doi: 10.1002/wcs.1487

Jamrozik, A., Oraa Ali, M., Sarwer, D. B., & Chatterjee, A. (2019). More than skin deep: Judgments of individuals with facial disfigurement. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 13(1), 117–129. doi: 10.1037/aca0000147

Vartanian, O., Navarrete, G., Chatterjee, A., Fich, L. B., Leder, H., Modroño, C., Rostrup, N., Skov, M., Corradi, G., & Nadal, M. (2019). Preference for curvilinear contour in interior architectural spaces: Evidence from experts and nonexperts. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 13(1), 110–116. doi: 10.1037/aca0000150

Hayn-Leichsenring, G. U., & Chatterjee, A. (2019). Colliding terminological systems—Immanuel Kant and contemporary empirical aesthetics. Empirical Studies of the Arts, 37(2), 197–219. doi: 10.1177/0276237418818635

Belfi, A. M., Vessel, E. A., Brielmann, A., Isik, A. I., Chatterjee, A., Leder, H., Pelli, D. G., & Starr, G. G. (2019). Dynamics of aesthetic experience are reflected in the default-mode network. NeuroImage, 188, 584–597. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.12.017

Faust, N. T., Chatterjee, A., & Christopoulos, G. I. (2018). The effect of unrelated social exchanges on facial attractiveness judgments. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 79, 290–300. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2018.08.010

Chatterjee, A. (2018). Beauty matters in ways we know and in ways we don’t. In D. J. Linden (Ed.), Think tank: Forty neuroscientists explore the bilogical roots of human experience (pp. 238–244). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Meghani, S. H., Peterson, C., Kaiser, D. H., Rhodes, J., Rao, H., Chittams, J., & Chatterjee, A. (2018). A pilot study of a mindfullness-based art therapy intervention in outpatients with cancer. American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine, 35(9), 1195–1200. doi: 10.1177/1049909118760304

Chatterjee, A. (2017). Orange is the new aesthetic [Commentary on the journal article The Distancing-Embracing model of the enjoyment of negative emotions in art reception, by W. Menninghaus, V. Wagner, J. Hanich, E. Wassiliwizky, T. Jacobsen, & S. Koelsch]. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 40(355), 1–2. doi: 10.1017/S0140525X17001637

Coburn, A., Vartanian, O., & Chatterjee, A. (2017). Buildings, beauty, and the brain: A neuroscience of architectual experience. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 29(9), 1521–1531. doi: 10.1162/jocn_a_01146

Chatterjee, A. (2017). A cognitive aesthetics of literature and the arts [Review of the book Beauty and sublimity, by P. C. Hogan]. Cognitive Semiotics, 10(1), 41–47. doi: 10.1515/cogsem-2017-0003

Chatterjee, A., & Vartanian, O. (2016). Neuroscience of aesthetics. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1369(1), 172–194. doi: 10.1111/nyas.13035

Pearce, M. T., Zaidel, D. W., Vartanian, O., Skov, M., Leder, H., Chatterjee, A., & Nadal, M. (2015). Neuroaesthetics: The cognitive neuroscience of aesthetic experience. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 11(2), 265–279. doi: 10.1177/1745691615621274

Pegors, T. K., Kable, J. W., Chatterjee, A., & Epstein, R. A. (2015). Common and unique representations in pFC for face and place attractiveness. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 27(5), 959–973. doi: 10.1162/jocn_a_00777

Vartanian, O., Navarrete, G., Chatterjee, A., Fich, L. B., Gonzalez-Mora, J. L., Leder, H., Modroño, C., Nadal, M., Rostrup, N., & Skov, M. (2015). Architectural design and the brain: Effects of ceiling height and perceived enclosure on beauty judgments and approach-avoidance decisions. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 41, 10–18. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvp.2014.11.006

Graham, D., Schwarz, B., Chatterjee, A., Kircher, T., & Straube, B. (2014). Preference for luminance histogram regularities in natural scenes. Vision Research, 120, 11–21. doi: 10.1016/j.visres.2015.03.018

Chatterjee, A., & Vartanian, O. (2014). Neuroaesthetics. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 18(7), 370–375. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2014.03.003

Chatterjee, A. (2014). Scientific aesthetics: Three steps forward. British Journal of Psychology, 105, 465–467. doi: 10.1111/bjop.12086

Chancellor, B., Duncan, A., & Chatterjee, A. (2014). Art therapy for Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias. Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, 34, 1–11. doi: 10.3233/JAD-131295

Göksun, T., Kranjec, A., Chatterjee, A. (2014). The development of visual art preferences. In A. Kozbelt (Ed.), Proceedings of the twenty-third biennial congress of the International Association of Empirical Aesthetics (pp. 223–225). New York, NY: International Association of Empirical Aesthetics.

Vartanian, O., Navarrete, G., Chatterjee, A., Fich, L. B., Leder, H., Modroño, C., Nadal, M., Rostrup, N., & Skov, M. (2013). Impact of contour on aesthetic judgments and approach-avoidance decisions in architecture. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(2), 1–8. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1301227110

van Buren, B., Bromberger, B., Potts, D., Miller, B., & Chatterjee A. (2013). Changes in painting styles of two artists with Alzheimer’s disease. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 7(1), 89–94. doi: 10.1037/a0029332

Chatterjee A. (2012). Neuroaesthetics: Growing pains of a new discipline. In A. P. Shimamura & S. E. Palmer (Eds.), Aesthetic science: Connecting minds, brains, and experience (pp. 219–317). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Chatterjee A. (2011). Where there be dragons: Finding the edges of neuroaesthetics. Aesthetics, 31(2), 4–6.

Chatterjee, A., Bromberger, B., Smith, W., Sternschein, R., & Widick, P. (2011). Artistic production following brain damage: A study of three artists. Leonardo, 44(5), 405–410. doi: 10.1162/LEON_a_00240

Chatterjee, A. (2011). Neuroaesthetics: A coming of age story. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 23(1), 53–62. doi: 10.1162/jocn.2010.21457

Chatterjee, A., Thomas, A., Smith, S. E., & Aguirre, G. K. (2008). The neural response to facial attractiveness. Neuropsychology, 23(2), 135–143. doi: 10.1037/a0014430

Chatterjee, A., Hamilton, R. H., & Amorapanth, P. X. (2006). Art produced by a patient with Parkinson’s disease. Behavioural Neurology, 17(2), 105–108. doi: 10.1155/2006/901832

Chatterjee, A. (2006). The neuropsychology of visual art: Conferring capacity. International Review of Neurobiology, 74, 39–49. doi: 10.1016/S0074-7742(06)74003-X

Wilson A., & Chatterjee A. (2005). The assessment of preference for balance: Introducing a new test. Empirical Studies of the Arts, 23(2), 165–180. doi: 10.2190/B1LR-MVF3-F36X-XR64
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Chatterjee A. (2004). The neuropsychology of visual artistic expression. Neuropsychologia, 42, 1568–1583. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2004.03.011

Chatterjee A. (2003). Prospects for a cognitive neuroscience of visual aesthetics. Bulletin of Psychology and the Arts, 4(2), 55–60. doi: 10.1037/e514602010-003

Chatterjee A. (2002). Portrait profiles and the notion of agency. Empirical Studies of the Arts, 20(1), 33–41. doi: 10.2190/3WLF-AGTV-0AW7-R2CN

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Language & space

The lab’s research on language and space is concerned with a variety of concepts. Our primary interests lie in spatial and gestural representations in language, as well as in the processing of metaphoric and figurative language in patients and controls.

Weisberg, S. M., & Chatterjee, A. (2020). Reference frames in spatial communication for navigation and sports: An empirical study in ultimate frisbee players. Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 5, 53. doi: 10.1186/s41235-020-00254-1

Klooster, N., McQuire, M., Grossman, M., McMillan, C., Chatterjee, A., & Cardillo, E. R. (2020). The neural basis of metaphor comprehension: Evidence from left hemisphere degeneration. Neurobiology of Language, 1(4), 474–491. doi: 10.1162/nol_a_00022

Hartung, F. Kenett, Y. N., Cardillo, E. R., Humphries, S., Klooster, N., & Chatterjee, A. (2020). Context matters: Novel metaphors in supportive and non-supportive contexts. NeuroImage, 212, 116645. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.116645

Humphries, S., Klooster, N., Cardillo, E. R., Weintraub, D., Rick, J., & Chatterjee, A. (2019). From action to abstraction: The sensorimotor grounding of metaphor in Parkinson’s disease. Cortex, 121, 362–384. doi: 10.1016/j.cortex.2019.09.005

Özer, D., Göksun, T., & Chatterjee, A. (2019). Differential roles of gestures on spatial language in neurotypical elderly adults and individuals with focal brain injury. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 36(5–6), 282–299. doi: 10.1080/02643294.2019.1618255

Weisberg, S. M., Newcomb, N., & Chatterjee, A. (2019). Everyday taxi drivers: Do better navigators have larger hippocampi? Cortex, 115, 280–293. doi: 10.1016/j.cortex.2018.12.024

Kranjec, A., Lehet, M., Woods, A. J., & Chatterjee, A. (2019). Time is not more abstract than space in sound. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 48. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00048

Cardillo, E. R., McQuire, M., & Chatterjee, A. (2018). Selective metaphor impairments after left, not right, hemisphere injury. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 2308. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02308

Akbıyıka, S., Karaduman, A., Göksun, T., & Chatterjee, A. (2018). The relationship between co-speech gesture production and macrolinguistic discourse abilities in people with focal brain injury. Neuropsychologia, 117, 440–453. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2018.06.025

Weisberg, S. M., Marchette, S. A., & Chatterjee, A. (2018). Behavioral and neural representations of spatial directions across words, schemas, and images. Journal of Neuroscience, 38(21), 4996–5007. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3250-17.2018

Weisberg, S. M., Badgio, D., & Chatterjee, A. (2018). Feel the way with a vibrotactile compass: Does a navigational aid aid navigation? Journal of Experimental Psychology, 44(5), 667–679. doi: 10.1037/xlm0000472

Özer, D., Tansan, M., Özer, E. E., Malykhina, K., Chatterjee, A., & Göksun, T. (2017). The effects of gesture restriction on spatial language in young and elderly adults. In G. Gunzelmann, A. Howes, T. Tenbrink, & E. Davelaar (Eds.), Proceedings of the 39th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 1471–1476). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

Cardillo, E. R., Watson, C., & Chatterjee, A. (2017). Stimulus needs are a moving target: 240 additional matched literal and metaphorical sentences for testing neural hypotheses about metaphor. Behavior Research Methods, 49(2), 471–483. doi: 10.3758/s13428-016-0717-1
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Karaduman, A., Göksun, T., & Chatterjee, A. (2017). Narratives of focal brain injured individuals: A macro-level analysis. Neuropsychologia, 99, 314–325. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2017.03.027

McQuire, M., McCollum, L., & Chatterjee, A. (2016). Aptness and beauty in metaphor. Language and Cognition, 9(2), 316–331. doi: 10.1017/langcog.2016.13
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Jamrozik, A., McQuire, M., Cardillo, E. R., & Chatterjee, A. (2016). Metaphor: Bridging embodiment to abstraction. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 23(4), 1080–1089. doi: 10.3758/s13423-015-0861-0

Nozari, N., Göksun T., Thompson-Schill, S. L., & Chatterjee, A. (2015). Phonological similarity affects production of gestures, even in the absence of overt speech. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 1347. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01347

Göksun T., Lehet M., Malykhina K., & Chatterjee A. (2015). Spontaneous gesture and spatial language: Evidence from focal brain injury. Brain and Language, 150, 1–13. doi: 10.1016/j.bandl.2015.07.012

Ianni, G. R., Cardillo, E. R., McQuire, M., & Chatterjee, A. (2014). Flying under the radar: Figurative language impairments in focal lesion patients. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8, 871. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2014.00871

Kranjec, A., Lupyan, G., & Chatterjee, A. (2014). Categorical biases in perceiving spatial relations. PLOS ONE, 9(5), 1–9. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0098604

Kranjec, A., Lehet, M., & Chatterjee, A. (2014). Pitch affects estimates of space but not vice versa. In P. Bello, M. Guarini, M. McShane, & B. Scassellati (Eds.), Program of the 36th annual meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 779–784). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

Göksun T., Lehet M., Malykhina K., & Chatterjee A. (2013). Naming and gesturing spatial relations: Evidence from focal brain-injured individuals. Neuropsychologia, 51, 1518–1527. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2013.05.006

Amorapanth, P., Kranjec, A., Bromberger, B., Lehet, M., Widick, P., Woods, A. J., Kimberg, D. Y., & Chatterjee, A. (2012). Language, perception, and the schematic representation of spatial relations. Brain and Language, 120, 226–236. doi: 10.1016/j.bandl.2011.09.007

Schmidt, G. L., Cardillo, E. R., Kranjec, A., Lehet, M., Widick, P., & Chatterjee, A. (2012). Not all analogies are created equal: Associative and categorical analogy processing following brain damage. Neuropsychologia, 50, 1372–1379. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2012.02.022

Cardillo, E. R., Watson, C. E., Schmidt, G. L., Kranjec, A., & Chatterjee, A. (2012). From novel to familiar: Tuning the brain for metaphors. NeuroImage, 59(4), 3212–3221. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2011.11.079

Watson, C., & Chatterjee, A. (2012). A bilateral frontoparietal network underlies visuospatial analogical reasoning. NeuroImage, 59(3), 2831–2838. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2011.09.030

Kranjec, A., & Chatterjee, A. (2010). Are temporal concepts embodied? A challenge for cognitive neuroscience. Frontiers in Psychology, 1, 240. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2010.00240

Wencil, E. B., Aguirre, G. K., Coslett, H. B., & Chatterjee, A. (2010). Carving the clock at its component joints: Neural basis for interval timing. Journal of Neurophysiology, 104(1), 160–168. doi: 10.1152/jn.00029.2009

Wencil, E. B., Radoeva, P., & Chatterjee, A. (2010). Size isn’t all that matters: Noticing differences in size and temporal order. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 4, 171. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2010.00171

Cardillo, E. R., Schmidt, G., Kranjec, A., & Chatterjee, A. (2010). Stimulus design is an obstacle course: 560 matched literal and metaphorical sentences for testing neural hypotheses about metaphor. Behavior Research Methods, 42(3), 651–664. doi: 10.3758/BRM.42.3.651
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Kranjec, A., Lehet, M., Bromberger, B., & Chatterjee, A. (2010). A sinister bias for calling fouls in soccer. PLOS ONE, 5(7), 1–4. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0011667

Chatterjee, A. (2010). Disembodying cognition. Language and Cognition, 2(1), 79–116. doi: 10.1515/langcog.2010.004

Kranjec, A., Cardillo, E. R., Schmidt, G., & Chatterjee, A. (2010). Prescribed spatial prepositions influence how we think about time. Cognition, 114, 111–116. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2009.09.008

Amorapanth, P., Widick, P., & Chatterjee, A. (2009). The neural basis for spatial relations. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 22(8), 1739–1753. doi: 10.1162/jocn.2009.21322

Schmidt, G., Kranjec, A., Cardillo, E. R., & Chatterjee, A. (2009). Beyond laterality: A critical assessment of research on the neural basis of metaphor. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 16(1), 1–5. doi: 10.1017/S1355617709990543

Chen, E., Widick, P., & Chatterjee, A. (2008). Functional-anatomical organization of predicate metaphor processing. Brain and Language, 107(3), 194–202. doi: 10.1016/j.bandl.2008.06.007

Chatterjee, A. (2008). The neural organization of spatial thought and language. Seminars in Speech and Language, 29(3), 226–238. doi: 10.1055/s-0028-1082886

Wu, D., Waller, S., & Chatterjee, A. (2007). The functional neuroanatomy of thematic role and locative relational knowledge. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 19(9), 1542–1555. doi: 10.1162/jocn.2007.19.9.1542

Gottfried, J. A., Sancar, F., & Chatterjee, A. (2003). Acquired mirror writing and reading: Evidence for reflected graphemic representations. Neuropsychologia, 41, 96–107. doi: 10.1016/S0028-3932(02)00130-6

Chatterjee, A. (2001). Language and space: Some interactions. Trends in Cognitive Science, 5(2), 55–61. doi: 10.1016/S1364-6613(00)01598-9

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Event representation

Our examination of event representation focuses on how humans visualize and process moving events and infer causality within these events, as well as focusing on the neural bases of processing action-based information in general.

Quandt, L. C., Lee, Y.-S., & Chatterjee, A. (2017). Neural bases of action abstraction. Biological Psychology, 129, 314–323. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2017.09.015

Quandt, L. C., Cardillo, E. R., Kranjec, A., & Chatterjee, A. (2015). Fronto-temporal regions encode the manner of motion in spatial language. Neuroscience Letters, 609, 171–175. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2015.10.041

Quandt, L. C., & Chatterjee, A. (2015). Rethinking actions: Implementation and association. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science, 6(6), 483–490. doi: 10.1002/wcs.1367

Woods, A. J., Kranjec, A., Lehet, M., & Chatterjee, A. (2015). Expertise and decision-making in American football. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 994. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00994

Piedimonte, A., Woods, A. J., & Chatterjee, A. (2015). Disambiguating ambiguous motion perception: What are the cues? Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 902. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00902

Watson, C. E., Cardillo, E. R., Bromberger, B., & Chatterjee, A. (2014). The specificity of action knowledge in sensory and motor systems. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 494. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00494

Watson, C. E., Cardillo, E. R., Ianni, G. R., & Chatterjee, A. (2013). Action concepts in the brain: An activation likelihood estimation meta-analysis. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 25, 1191–1205. doi: 10.1162/jocn_a_00401

Watson, C., & Chatterjee, A. (2011). The functional neuroanatomy of actions. Neurology, 76, 1428–1434. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0b013e3182166e2c

Wu, D., Morganti, A., & Chatterjee, A. (2008). Neural substrates of processing path and manner information of a moving event. Neuropsychologia, 46, 704–713. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2007.09.016

Kable, J., & Chatterjee, A. (2006). Specificity of action representations in occipitotemporal cortex. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 18(9), 1498–1517. doi: 10.1162/jocn.2006.18.9.1498

Kable, J., Kan, I. P., Wilson, A., Thompson-Schill, S. L., & Chatterjee, A. (2005). Conceptual representations of action in the lateral temporal cortex. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 17(12), 1855–1870. doi: 10.1162/089892905775008625

Kable, J., Lease-Spellmeyer, J., & Chatterjee, A. (2002). The neural substrate of action event knowledge. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 14(5), 785–794. doi: 10.1162/08989290260138681

Chatterjee, A., Southwood, M. H., & Basilico, D. (1999). Verbs, events and spatial representations. Neuropsychologia, 37, 395–402.

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Neuroethics focuses mainly on the ethical implications of neuroscientific progress, such as “cosmetic neurology,” the use of drugs to enhance cognitive performance and ability.

Dinh, C. T., Humphries, S., & Chatterjee, A. (2020). Public opinion on cognitive enhancement varies across different situations. AJOB Neuroscience, 11(4), 224–237. doi: 10.1080/21507740.2020.1811797

Conrad, E. C., Humphries, S., & Chatterjee, A. (2019). Attitudes towards cognitive enhancement: The role of metaphor and context. AJOB Neuroscience, 10(1), 35–47. doi: 10.1080/21507740.2019.1595771

Weisberg, S. M., Badgio, D., & Chatterjee, A. (2017). A CRISPR new world: Attitudes in the public toward innovations in human genetic modification. Frontiers in Public Health, 5, 117. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2017.00117

Chatterjee, A. (2013). Drugs to build a better brain. Nature, 496, 431–432. doi: 10.1038/496431a

Chancellor, B., & Chatterjee, A. (2011). Brain branding: When neuroscience and commerce collide. AJOB Neuroscience, 2(4), 18–27. doi: 10.1080/21507740.2011.611123

Hamilton, R., Messing, S., & Chatterjee, A. (2011). Rethinking the thinking cap. Neurology, 76(2), 187–193. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0b013e318205d50d

Chatterjee, A. (2009). A medical view of potential adverse effects [Letter to the editor]. Nature, 457, 532–533. doi: 10.1038/457532c

Chatterjee, A. (2009). Is it acceptable for people to take methylphenidate to enhance performance? No. British Medical Journal, 338, 1532–1533. doi: 10.1136/bmj.b1956

Chatterjee, A. (2008). Framing pains, pills, and professors. Expositions, 2(2), 139–146. doi: 10.1558/expo.v2i2.139

Chatterjee, A. (2007). Cosmetic neurology and cosmetic surgery: Parallels, predictions and challenges. Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, 16, 129–137. doi: 10.1017/S0963180107070156

Chatterjee, A. (2006). The promise and predicament of cosmetic neurology. Journal of Medical Ethics, 32, 110–113. doi: 10.1136/jme.2005.013599

Chatterjee, A. (2004). Cosmetic neurology: The controversy over enhancing movement, mentation, and mood. Neurology, 63(6), 968–974. doi: 10.​1212/​01.​WNL.​0000138438.​88589.​7C

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Cognitive neurology covers many different areas and we are interested in a number of these facets of brain and behavior. These topics include visuospatial attention, methodology in cognitive neuroscience, as well as some case study research.

Chakrabarty, M., Pflieger, E. M., Cardillo, E. R., & Chatterjee, A. (2019). Effects of acquired chronic brain injury on quality of life: A preliminary study in patients with a left or right-sided lesion. Archives of Rehabilitation Research and Clinical Translation, 2(1), 100031. doi: 10.1016/j.arrct.2019.100031

Chatterjee, A. (2018). Reflections on mirror neurons and rehabilitation [Commentary on the journal article Functions of the mirror neuron system: Implications for neurorehabilitation, by G. Buccino, A. Solodkin, & S. L. Small]. Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology, 31(4), 243–244. doi: 10.1097/WNN.0000000000000177

Yeatts, S. D., Broderick, J. P., Chatterjee, A., Jauch, E. C., Levine, S. R., Romano, J. G., Saver, J. L., Vagal, A., Purdon, B., Devenport, J., & Khatri, P. (2018). Alteplase for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke in patients with low National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale and not clearly disabling deficits (Potential of rtPA for Ischemic Strokes with Mild Symptoms PRISMS): Rationale and design. International Journal of Stroke, 13(6), 654–661. doi: 10.1177/1747493018765269

Siegler, J. E., Kable J. W., & Chatterjee, A. (2016). Resident decision making: Opioids in the outpatient setting. Journal of Graduate Medical Education, 8(2), 138–141. doi: 10.4300/JGME-D-15-00186.1

Wende, K. C., Nagels, A., Stratmann, M., Chatterjee, A., Kircher, T., & Straube, B. (2015). Neural basis of altered physical and social causality judgements in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 161(2), 244–251. doi: 10.1016/j.schres.2014.11.007

Vo, K., Rutledge, R. B., Chatterjee, A., & Kable, J. W. (2014). Dorsal striatum is necessary for stimulus-value but not action-value learning in humans. Brain, 137(12), 3129–3135. doi: 10.1093/brain/awu277

Olson, I. R., Ezzyat, Y., Plotzker, A., & Chatterjee, A. (2014). The end point of the ventral visual stream: Face and non-face perceptual deficits following unilateral anterior temporal lobe damage. Neurocase: The Neural Basis of Cognition, 21(5), 554–562. doi: 10.1080/13554794.2014.959025

Göksun, T., Woods, A. J., Chatterjee, A., Zelonis, S., Glass, L., & Smith, S. E. (2013). Elementary school children’s attentional biases in physical and numerical space. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 10, 433–448. doi: 10.1080/17405629.2012.692965

Woods, A. J., Göksun, T., Chatterjee, A., Zelonis, S., Mehta, A., & Smith, S. (2013). The development of organized visual search. Acta Psychologica, 143, 191–199. doi: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2013.03.008

Smith, S. E., & Chatterjee, A. (2008). Visuospatial attention in children. Archives of Neurology, 65(10), 1284–1288. doi: 10.1001/archneur.65.10.1284

Fellows, L., Stark, M., Berg, A., & Chatterjee, A. (2008). Patient registries in cognitive neuroscience research: Advantages, challenges, and practical advice. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 20(6), 1107–1113. doi: 10.1162/jocn.2008.20065

Chatterjee, A. (2005). A madness to the methods in cognitive neuroscience? Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 17(6), 847–849. doi: 10.1162/0898929054021085

Biran, I., Giovannetti, T., Buxbaum, L., & Chatterjee, A. (2006). The alien hand syndrome: What makes the alien hand alien? Cognitive Neuropsychology, 23(4), 563–582. doi: 10.1080/02643290500180282

Snyder, J., & Chatterjee, A. (2006). The frontal cortex and exogenous attentional orienting. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 18(11), 1913–1923. doi: 10.1162/jocn.2006.18.11.1913

Ricci, R., Genero, R., Colombatti, S., Zampieri, D., & Chatterjee, A. (2005). Visuomotor links in awareness: Evidence from extinction. Neuroreport, 16(8), 843–847. doi: 10.1080/17405629.2012.692965

Snyder, J., & Chatterjee, A. (2004). Spatial-temporal anisometries following right parietal damage. Neuropsychologia, 42(12), 1703–1708. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2004.04.003

Ricci, R., & Chatterjee, A. (2004). Sensory and response contributions to visual awareness in extinction. Experimental Brain Research, 157(1), 85–93. doi: 10.1007/s00221-003-1823-8

Olson, E., Stark, M., & Chatterjee, A. (2003). Evidence for a unimodal somatosensory attention system. Experimental Brain Research, 151(1), 15–23. doi: 10.1007/s00221-003-1428-2

Ricci, R., & Chatterjee, A. (2001). Context and crossover in unilateral neglect. Neuropsychologia, 39(11), 1138–1143. doi: 10.1016/S0028-3932(01)00054-9

Vaishnavi, S., Calhoun, J., & Chatterjee, A. (2001). Binding personal and peripersonal space: Evidence from tactile extinction. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 13(2), 181–189. doi: 10.1162/089892901564243

Chatterjee, A., Ricci, R., & Calhoun, J. (2000). Weighing the evidence for cross over in neglect. Neuropsychologia, 38(10), 1390–1397. doi: 10.1016/S0028-3932(00)00042-7

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